The Norse ran the island for over four hundred years from 800 AD to 1265 AD.
It then fell to the Scots, who held it till 1405. The Stanley family
of Lancashire were Lords of Man from 1405 to 1736. It was then passed
to the Dukes of Atholl, a kin, who held it till it was taken as a Crown
Dependency in 1765.
Back in 1079, Godred Crovan successfully invaded the Isle of Man and
ruled it for 16 years. It is believed under his rule that the
Tynwald Parliament was established. His image is set in the stained
glass windows of the Tynwald Chamber in Douglas.
The Isle of Man is believed to have the longest unbroken parliament in the
world. The ceremony was set out by Stanley, Lord of Man in 1417, shortly
after he acquired the island. He wished the laws of his new property to be
set out in writing.
On Manx National Day (normally the 5th of July), the government for the
out to Tynwald Hill in St Johns to read a summary of the laws passed
over the last year. The artificial hill is made up of four circular
platforms. The base is about 80ft in diameter and from ground to top
the mound is about 12ft high. The hill is believed to have been a meeting
place for the Celtic midsummer assembly. Hence the Celtic cross representing
the sun god, Lugh. This past is still remembered by the laying of the
rushes on the Processional Walkway (112.5 metres), which lies between the
church and the hill.
In 1979, Tynwald celebrated its Millennium under the watchful eye of
Her Majesty the Queen, Lord of Man. The Queen returned to preside over
the ceremony in
, a year after her Golden Jubilee. The Isle of Man is not part of
UK, but remains a Crown Dependency.
Tynwald Hill is located in the village of St Johns near Peel in the
midwest part of the island.
Map Ref: SC 277 819
St John is near Peel along the A1.
St John can be reached by the following bus routes: 4, 4A, 5, 5A, 6, 6A, 6B,
7A, 8, 10, X5. Travelling from Douglas, Peel and Ramsey.
St John is not accessible by the Railways.
Tuesday 05 July 2016
Tynwald Day / Manx National Day. Manx National Day and Bank Holiday. National service and open air reading of the laws in Manx and English from Tynwald Hill. Roads close at 10am. Fair continues throughout the day. , Tynwald Hill, St. Johns, http://www.tynwald.org.
|Event information supplied by the Isle of Man Department of Tourism & Leisure (01624 686766)
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Tynwald - The Parliamentary System Of The Isle Of Man|
Duke Video, VHS Tape, 17 April, 2000
List Price: £12.99
Tynwald: St. John's, 5th July 1994 - Official Souvenir Programme of the Tynwald Ceremony|
Isle of Man Govt, Paperback, July, 1994
List Price: £1.50